What are the Smallest Countries in The World?

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Smallest country – It might be hard to imagine, but there are countries on earth that are smaller than Central Park in New York City and others with populations smaller than a typical high school class. Based on land area, Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, covering only 0.2 square miles, about 1/120th the size of Manhattan Island.

The 2-mile limit of Vatican City lies on the west bank of the Tiber and is enclosed by Italy. The official bench of the Pope of the Catholic Church since 1377, Vatican City has just declared an independent state in the 1929 Lateran Treaty after years of power struggles between the Pope and Italian political leaders over who could claim supreme authority in the region.

Take a Look at the 5 Smallest Countries in The World

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Our planet is full of surprises and beautiful places waiting to explore it. There are many countries in the world, big and small, and each one is great in its way. But how many of us know that there are countries that are only one square kilometer in size but still have full-fledged governments, cultures and traditions? Let’s look at some of the smallest countries in the world.

History of Vatican City

However, when comparing countries by population, Vatican City loses its title as the smallest country after the Pitcairn Islands. The people of the Pitcairn Islands has fluctuated between 40 and 60 inhabitants in recent years, compared to 800 to 850 inhabitants in Vatican City.

Located in the Pacific Ocean between Peru and New Zealand, this British territory consists of four islands, but Pitcairn is the only one inhabited. Pitcairn’s small population is also notable for its ethnic heritage.

They are the descendants of Tahitians and Bounty rebels. Fletcher Christian and eight of his other mutineers fled to Tahiti after a mutiny at sea. Still, hostilities broke out with new neighbours, and they were endanger by arrest, so they decided to move to a deserted island. Fleeing to Pitcairn to hide from British authorities, they brought a handful of Tahitians with him. The British rediscovered the island in 1791 while searching for rebels, and it became a British colony in 1838. Just before World War II, the population increased to 223.


“Good things come in small packages,” someone rightly said. Monaco, the second smallest country in the world, has only 499 hectares. But the small country is indescribably beautiful. You will be amazed at the beauty of the country. However, the government is known worldwide for its Monte Carlo casino and Grand Prix motorsport. Nauru

Her third on the list is the incredibly stunning Nauru, formerly known as Pleasant Island. The peaceful country is hidden from most tourists but is worthy of your attention. Located east of Australia, the country currently has about 13,000 inhabitants.


This great country in Oceania, Tuvalu, is Polynesia and the fourth smallest country in the world. Formerly known as the Ellis Islands, the island nation has a population of about 11,000. Its remote location keeps the government off the tourist list, but it’s a popular destination for quirky travel.

San Marino

San Marino is fifth on the list with her 61.2 km² area. The population of the country is about 33000 people. San Marino’s economy is heavily dependent on finance, industry, services and tourism. The main attraction of this beautiful country is its magical-looking cliff-top castles.


Liechtenstein is a small landlocked country on the border of Switzerland and Austria, with a population of 39,327. German is the official language, but English and French are also widely spoken. Due to its location in the Alps, Liechtenstein that admires for its beautiful mountain scenery. A network of hiking trails links traditional villages. The capital, Vaduz, has a world-class collection of modern and contemporary art in the Liechtenstein Museum of Fine Arts. The Postal Museum displays Liechtenstein postage stamps. Collectors often prize these as they are works of art in their own right. The people of Liechtenstein have built a strong economy. It’s based on banking, manufacturing, and tourism, and the standard of living they have created is exceptionally high.

The Marshall Islands is a Pacific nation of 5 islands and 29 coral atolls with a population of 41,569. Extra than any other country in the world, the Marshall Islands occupy the highest water area, with 97.87% of its territory. The islands were first travelled by Europeans when the Spanish and Portuguese inwards in the 1520s. And Spain took control of the islands but later vented some of them to Germany. Japan ruled it after World War I and the United States after World War II—one of the islands.




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Written by Dr. Traveller

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